In this image you can see the epidermis, dermis, and the subcutaneous tissue. Some people choose to embellish it with … The integumentary system is made up of the skin and its accessory organs- hair, skin, nails, and exocrine glands. 30 seconds . This extraordinary organ system protects the internal structures of the body from damage, prevents dehydration, stores fat, and produces vitamins and hormones.It also helps maintain homeostasis within the body by assisting with the regulation of body temperature and water balance. “Integumentary System.”, Biologydictionary.net Editors. Sweat, in contrast to sebum, is a water-based secretion, containing electrolytes – sodium salts, urea, and even trace amounts of uric acid. The epidermis, which contains no blood vessels, is made up of layers of closely packed epithelial cells. The skin can also be subjected to genetic disorders like psoriasis or albinism. The integumentary system is the organ system that consists of the skin and the various accessory structures such as hair, nails, and exocrine glands. Sebaceous. Covering the dorsal side of the terminal phalanges of toes and fingers in humans, nails are the horn-like envelopes that give protection against physical damages and assist the individuals in manual work. The epidermis is made of four layers – the stratum basale, stratum spinosum, stratum granulosum and stratum corneum. How Can Lung Cancer Be Prevented With Simple Steps? The closest that the dermis gets to the external environment is at structures called dermal papillae. (2017, March 19). While most water soluble waste products are removed in the urine, sweat also contributes towards clearing some of the metabolic byproducts of the body. It protects your innards from infection and injuries, help keep you cool or warm, and … The integumentary system plays several roles in the body including: 1. The skin consists of two layers – the dermis and the epidermis. It is in the dermis where vasodilation and vasoconstriction occur, functions that … Remember that the human body is made up of many organ systems that work together to support body functions. Exercise and relaxation techniques are … The Integumentary System has many functions that are performed by the organs listed above. In each of these layers, keratinocytes undergo successive steps in differentiation beginning with the proliferative layer in the innermost stratum basale containing keratinocyte stem cells. In the adult human body, the skin makes up about 16 percent of body weight and covers an area of 1.5 to 2 m 2 . … It consists of multiple layers of terminally differentiated keratinocytes that are also called corneocytes. Therefore, you could not use this as a way to cool off. Skin, part of the integumentary system, is the outer shelf of our body and is the largest multifunctioning organ in the body. The exocrine glands has 2 parts… The most obvious role of the skin is to protect the body from external aggression. Here, the medulla is the innermost open & disorganized region, and is not always present. Somatosensory receptors and nociceptors are important components of this organ system that serve as warning sensors, allowing the body to move away from noxious stimuli. The skin includes of the epidermis and dermis. Waste materials can be secreted through the skin to speed elimination, which explains why sometimes people have sweat which smells unusual, as their bodies are expressing waste materials. Dust and pollution B. Eccrine and Apocrine. If you compare the integumentary system of the human body with that of other animals, the scales and features are totally absent in the former. 4.- What is the difference between proximal and distal? Pineal Gland Function in the Human Body, What Are Ovaries? 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